What You Need to Know About “Natural” Cold Remedies
The average cold can linger for 10 days, but there are doctor-approved natural cold remedies that may not only relieve symptoms but also shorten the duration of the cold — or possibly stop it in its tracks. “Early intervention is key,” says Claudia Cooke, M.D., a board-certified physician in New York City. “The sooner you try a remedy, the better the chance of it being effective.”
Since a cold is caused by a virus, antibiotics will not make a difference. You also want to be sure you recognize cold versus flu symptoms. “The earliest signs are usually a scratchy or sore throat, then nasal stuffiness, sneezing, and coughing. A low-grade fever or fatigue may also be present,” says Monique Tello, M.D., a physician at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and author of Healthy Habits for Your Heart. “A deeply productive cough, shortness of breath, high fever, or muscle aches suggest it’s something more serious. Then you should see a doctor.” But when you feel the familiar stuffy, scratchy signs of a cold, these natural cold remedies are nothing to sneeze at.
Advertisement – Continue Reading Below
When you have a cold, it can feel like you’re simultaneously dripping like a faucet and all clogged up. You want to stay hydrated to keep mucus membranes moist and thin out mucus for easier drainage. Drinking fluids will also counteract the drying effects of indoor heating and cold weather. There’s no need to go overboard — just drink at least the daily recommended amount, which is around 9 cups for the average woman.
A steaming bowl of chicken soup is a one-stop curative for common cold symptoms. “It’s truly medicine in a bowl,” says Dr. Cooke. The steam releases bad discharge from the nose and may alleviate respiratory symptoms, including congestion and coughing. Dr. Cooke suggests boosting chicken soup’s healing potential by adding generous amounts of fresh grated ginger, crushed garlic cloves, and black pepper.
Invigorating peppermint is a multitasker when battling a cold. Whether as a tea or an essential oil, it can help soothe headaches, clear out sinuses, and relax airways for better breathing. Add to a diffuser, mix with a carrier oil (coconut, almond, or olive oil are all good options) to add to your bath, or try this quick trick: “Put a few drops in your hands and cup around mouth and nose,” says Dr. Cooke. “Do slow inhalations for about two minutes.” Never apply the essential oil directly to skin as it’s highly concentrated.
The syrup made from the deep-purple berry has long been used as a folk cure, believed to both shorten the duration and severity of a cold. It is a powerful antioxidant — high in immune-strengthening polyphenols — that can help block viruses in the body, according to a small 2016 study published in Nutrients.
Echinacea is one of the most well-known natural cold treatments, though it is considered most effective at keeping a cold at bay. Different parts of this flowering plant are used to make teas, oils, and other products. Some studies have shown that taking echinacea as a supplement can cut your chances of catching a cold by up to 58%, and reduce the length of your cold by more than a day.
Cleansing nostrils with saline water can thin out and rinse away mucus as well as bacteria. (Skip if your nostrils are totally plugged or your ear is achy.) Always use sterile or distilled water and wash and dry the bottle thoroughly. If flooding your nasal passages sounds too intense, opt for a saline spray (not to be confused with OTC and prescription nasal sprays). “You want to keep mucus moist and mobile,” says Dr. Tello. “Nasal saline flushes, with any variety of methods, can help alleviate stuffiness.”
Soap and Water
The best way to treat a cold is not to get one in the first place, and washing hands is the simplest way to avoid getting sick. The cold virus can live for hours on surfaces and rubbing an eye, nose or mouth can allow it to enter the body. “Avoid contact with cold viruses by washing your hands a lot, especially when out and about in places where there are lots of people or lots of doorknobs, handles, etc.,” says Dr. Tello. Don’t worry about water temperature or type of soap. Just wash thoroughly and for at least 20 seconds. “Hand sanitizers don’t work as well,” says Dr. Tello. “You only need to use them if you are not able to wash your hands.”
Advertisement – Continue Reading Below